Cornelius Townsend (139)
|Date of Birth:||ca1745|
|Date of Death:||dsp 1817|
|Residence:||Clogheen & Bridgemount, Macroom|
|Father:||Horatio Townsend |
|See Also:||Table I ; Scrapbook ; Lineage ; Ancestors' Tree ; Descendents' Tree|
Notes for Cornelius Townsend
Married 26 April 1770. Mary Tanner was the daughter of Jonathon Tanner of Bandon, Co Cork.
Alumni Trinity College Dublin from Co Cork and Kerry 1593-1860 in Dr Casey's Collection records that Cornelius was taught by Mr Foley before he entered Trinity College, Dublin, on 11 May 1762 as a fellow commoner paying double fees and enjoying several privileges.
According to 'An Officer of the Long Parliament', he was forced to sell Bridgemount (2) having failed in his attempts at agricultural improvement. The book further states that Arthur Young in his 'Tour in Ireland 1776 - 1779' mentions that about 1778 Cornelius Townsend "fixed two Sussex farmers to improve a stony mountain. These men, Messrs Crampe and Johnson, bought very fine horses and brought over all their implements at great expense. Mr Townsend built the most handsome houses, barns etc for them. The land was so stony that £100 was spent in clearing one field of eight acres. The men were ruined and Mr Townsend suffered considerably". No trace of this quotation can be found in the 'A Tour in Ireland', by Arthur Young and edited by Henry Morley.
Horatio Townsend [5D00] referred to this incident in his book 'Statistical Survey of the County of Cork' (3). On page 682 he wrote - "In another part of the district under consideration occurred also an instance of the unfortunate result of injudicious enterprise. Cornelius Townsend, Esq. of Bridgmount, (a seat situated in a wild and rugged country between Macroom and Millstreet) several years since, induced two Sussex farmers (Cramp and Johnson) to leave their native country, and settle upon a part of his estate in that uncultivated and hardly cultivable region. Mr. Townsend had visited England at an early age, and, struck with the superior excellence of its agriculture, felt a laudable desire of introducing a similar style into his own country. But the difference of circumstances was too striking to escape any person of cool reflection. Youth and inexperience may excuse, but cannot justify transplantation so preposterous as that from the fields of Sussex to the wilds of Muskerry. Attempts, however, were made to assimilate the situations. Houses and barns, wholly unfit for the place, were erected at great expense. The formidable obstructions of rock and bog were endeavoured to be removed at an expense exceeding the fee simple of the ground, which, after all, was a miserable subject for farming operation. Market, as well as manure, was remote and inconvenient, and the roads of the country wholly unfit for the heavy draught of carts and waggons. The result was what might have been expected—ruin to the farmers, and very serious injury to the landlord."
The Registry of Deeds Index Project Ireland records three entries relating to Cornelius. Memorial 281042 dated 9 August 1790 and Memorial 277186 dated 9 September 1790 both record 'Cornelius Townsend of Droumilly'(wherever that may be) as Party 1 in the lease of part of the lands at Cashall to Richard and William Wolfe (Party 2). Memorial 457758 dated 14 August 1813 does not specify where Cornelius was living. The Wolfe family also features in a deed involving Cornelius' uncle, Cornelius Townsend  - Memorial Deed 124501 dated 7 January 1752.
Cornelius was admitted a Freeman of the City of Cork on 15 May 1770. The Council Book of the Corporation of the City of Cork 1690-1800 by Richard Caulfield records on page 848 “That ..... Cornelius Townsend, Esq., eldest son of Horatio T., Esq., dec., be admitted freemen at large.” Between 1710 and 1841, when the power of admitting Freemen only by birth or right ceased, a total of thirty three members of the Townsend family were admitted as Freemen.
The seventh edition of “The History of the General Rebellion in Ireland: Raised upon the Three (sic) and Twenty day of October 1641” published by Phineas and George Bagnell, Castle Street Cork in 1766 records “Cornelius Townsend Esq of Bridgemount” and ten other members of the family in the list of subscribers: Francis Townsend , John Townsend  or John Townsend , Richard Townsend  or Richard Townsend , Rev Richard Townsend , Philip Townsend , Dr Richard Townsend , Thomas Hungerford Townsend , Rev Horatio Townsend [5D00], Rev Horatio Townsend , Rev Edward Synge Townsend .
The list of Freemen and Freeholders who voted in the election of 13 August 1783 for two members to sit in Parliament for the City of Cork shows that Edward Mansel Townsend  and Cornelius voted for Augustus Warren and John Bagwell; Richard Boyle Townsend , Richard Townsend  (or possibly [6A00]) and Rev Horatio Townsend [5D00] all voted for John Hely Hutchinson and John Bagwell. John Hely Hutchinson and Richard Longfield were duly elected.
Cornelius died at Monmouth.
An entry in the Church of Ireland Parish Records Ross Cathedral 1690–1823 records on page 53 under the heading 'Burials' - "1807 August 1st Mary Townsend of Benduff." This might refer to Cornelius' wife, Mary
(1) Bridgemount (Cahirkegan) is situated some 7km north-west of Macroom, Co Cork. Irish Ordnance Survey 'Discovery Series' Sheet 79 grid reference W293762. 'Townsend's Cross Roads' is situated close by and to the east the properties of Mullenroe, Ballymacorcoran and Mount Cross form part of the Bridgemount estate.
(2) The evidence points to Bridgemount passing to the Donoughmore branch of the family and it was either bought by Edward Synge Townsend  who married Cornelius' sister in 1766, or passed to him as a belated dowry. At the time Edward was Curate at Clondrohid which is adjacent to 'Townsend's Cross Roads'. Gray's Inn Admission Register 1520-1889 and the newspaper the 'Cork Constitution' both refer to “Horace Townsend of Bridgemount”. This is Horatio Townsend  who gave evidence at the trial of the Clondrohid Whiteboys in 1822 where he is referred to as a 'Bridgemount Townsend'. The last mention of Bridgemount occurs in August 1882 when John Townsend  wrote to his son Edward Mansel Townsend  about visiting the property. (Llanvapley Papers.)
(3) Sponsored by the Royal Dublin Society and published in 1810 it covers historical sketches, agricultural and trade statistics, notices on education, fisheries, antiquities, manufactures, etc. A large appendix and section of addenda includes a variety of interesting documents, on matters social, scientific, political, religious and other matters. The book criticised the Roman Catholic clergy, particularly its role in education and this generated considerable controversy. A copy of the book can be found in the Trinity College, Dublin, library and the Library of Herbert Bell, Belfast.
'An Officer of the Long Parliament' Ch VIII p. 212-13 refers.