Richard Townshend (254)
|Date of Birth:||6 Apr 1829|
|Date of Death:||25 Jan 1912|
|Residence:||Dunbeacon House, Bantry|
|Father:||Jonas Morris Townshend |
|See Also:||Table II ; Scrapbook ; Lineage ; Ancestors' Tree ; Descendents' Tree|
Within the family it has always been thought that, though he was a magistrate, Richard had little inclination for work and sponged off his family in anticipation of his inheritance. However he was forced to earn his living when his mother, Mary (nee Somerville) left Wollombi in 1880 and went to live with her brother, Morris Somerville, in Essendon, Victoria. Thus Richard moved to Tamworth, NSW to join his sister, Elizabeth , and her husband but there was no work for him there so he moved to Barraba where he found work, probably as a farm hand. It was here that Richard met his wife.
Recently discovered (2007) correspondence in the Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand (1) sheds a different light on Richard’s early life. This material consists of eleven letters written by Richard’s uncle, John Henry Townsend  between 1844 and 1864 and all are addressed to Donald McLean (2) in New Zealand. John Henry had emigrated to Australia with Richard’s father, Jonas Morris Townsend  in 1828, but gave up his enterprise in 1836 and moved to New Zealand some time before 1844 – the date of his first letter from Auckland. John Henry returned to Ireland in 1847.
The first letter in which Richard is mentioned is dated 14 February 1845 from Adelaide. In it John Henry wrote “I had not two hours to make up my mind as to whether I should go to Sydney or Hobart Town the day I left Auckland, but a letter from my nephew (who had been a middy on board the Diductive (?) a 50 gun ship), who had left her in Tahiti, had induced me to go to H Town and when I got there the young rascal was off to Ceylon on the East India station”. The next letter that mentions nephews is dated “Shorecliffe, (2a) Leap, Glandore July 29 1853”; in it John Henry wrote firstly “I should have written long since if it were only to thank you for having an eye on my nephews (3) and I now hope that for my sake anything that may give them a push up the ladder will on your part not be omitted. I believe they have had rough times of it and if you can mitigate their hardships my best acknowledgments and I am sure theirs also shall ever be ready…” Later in the same letter he wrote “I am pleased you see a likeness in my nephew Richard to me or rather to what I was for old time has made a great change.”
Ten years later John Henry wrote from Shorecliffe on 1 November 1863, “I did not hear from my nephew Richard but I suppose the monotonous life he leads offers no subject to write on. Should you see him would you kindly let him know that the young person I have recommended to you in this letter is Maurice de Burgh, now a fine steady and active lad. It is very kind of you to notice my nephews”. Maurice de Burg was the son of Louisa Townsend  and hence Richard and Thomas’ cousin; like them he had emigrated to New Zealand. The last mention of the nephews by John Henry is in a letter from Dunbeacon dated 15 June 1864 – “with my best wishes and thanks for your attention to my nephews…”
Returning to Australia some time between 1864 and 1880, Richard left Lucy and his son after 1885 and went to Ireland to claim his inheritance of one moiety of the Dunbeacon estate, Bantry, where he subsequently lived in Dunbeacon House. This inheritance came to him from his uncle Richard Mellifont-Townshend  who died in 1884. Richard never sent for Lucy and the children, who were left destitute and were forced to fall upon the mercy of her family to support them. The other half of the Dunbeacon estate went to Richard's cousin Richard Arthur Herbert Townsend .
Guy’s City and County Cork Almanac and Directory 1891 records that Richard was living at Dunbeacon, Durrus and was a Poor Law Guardian for Schull.
Richard was appointed a Justice of the Peace in 1890 and this is reflected in ‘Slater’s Royal National Directory of Ireland, 1894’ which records under the heading ‘County Magistrates for the Province of Munster - Co Cork’. - “Townshend Richard, Dunbeacon cottage, Durrus, Bantry.” and under the heading ‘Munster Parishes - Schull. Private Residents.’ - Townsend R. JP. Dunbeacon cottage.” The 1907 edition of Guy’s Directory again reflects this and he is still shown as living at Dunbeacon Cottage.
Amongst the Lovera Papers (4) is a handwritten note by John FitzHenry Townshend  about 'Morris' as he calls Richard's father - "I could tell you many a thing – indeed I could write a book - concerning things I have heard about Morris, Richard’s brother, who was very handsome and an awful scamp. He married Mary Somerville of Drishane, Tom’s sister.....They went to Australia and their son is Australian Richard; the man of mystery who came from Australia on it being found that half of Dunbeacon was settled on him, the other half on John Henry, afterwards represented by his son Richard Arthur. Australian Richard has continued to live at Dunbeacon and has not returned to his family or been joined by them, during many years".
The April 1901 Irish Census shows Richard as a married 72 year old 'landed proprietor' living in house 36 Dunbeacon with two domestic staff and their five children. The house consisted of five rooms and six outbuildings. Richard sold Dunbeacon House and about 94 acres of land to Mr Verity Evans on 1st December 1910 for £950. However the April 1911 Irish Census records that he was 82 and living on his own in a nine roomed house at Murreagh, Durrus East. His handwriting is very shaky and he entered his marital status on the census as ‘widower’ (his wife died in Australia in 1912!). The census shows that he was a ‘Rotate Owner’ (?) and that the house belonged to Jane Tobin. It is not known if Murreagh is the same place as Friendly Cove, Durrus (5), formerly owned by his cousin Richard Arthur Townshend, for that is where he died. He was buried in Durrus on 27 January 1912.
Page 632 of The Calendar of Wills and Administration 1858-1922 in the National Archives of Ireland records that probate of the will of " Richard Townshend late of Friendly Cove Durrus County Cork Esquire", who died on 25 January 1912, was granted at Cork on 15 May 1912 to "Francis Fitzmaurice Solicitor”. Effects £631 9s 3d. Apart from some small bequests he left the Dunbeacon estate to his son and his daughter "to share and share alike as tenants in common". It was subsequently sold to the tenants in 1926.
Much of the information in this entry was provided by Marjorie Laidler, grand-daughter of Charlotte Victoria Townshend , supplemented by by Mary-Anne Lattimore from Australia, grand daughter of Mary Somerville Townsend , extracts from correspondence between John Henry Townsend and Donald McLean and various other sources.
(1) Donald McLean papers MS-Papers-0032-0606. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand.
(2) Sir Donald McLean 1820-1877. Administrator, runholder, politician, provincial superintendent. Crown Protector of Aborigines, Native Land Purchase Commissioner and Minister of Native Affairs. Appointed KCMG in 1874.
(2a) The entry for Shorecliffe in the National University of Ireland (NUI) Galway Connacht and Munster Landed Estates Database records "Occupied by the Rev. William Baldwin at the time of Griffith's Valuation, when it was valued at £11. It is named Prospect House on the 1st-edition Ordnance Survey map but as Shorecliffe House on the 25-inch map of the 1890s. It is still known by this name."
(3) This would indicate that Richard’s brother Thomas Townsend  was also in New Zealand but this conflicts with what we already know about him.
(4) Lovera Papers 250/19.
(5) Ordnance Survey of Ireland Discovery Series. Map sheet 88. Grid 939416.